Rule 26(b)(5) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that, when a party withholds information otherwise discoverable by claiming the information is privileged or subject to protection as trial-preparation material, the party must:

(i) expressly make the claim; and

(ii) describe the nature of the documents, communications, or tangible things not produced or disclosed—

In New York, it is widely recognized that the duty to preserve documents arises once a party “reasonably anticipates litigation” (see Voom HD Holdings LLC v EchoStar Satellite, 93 AD3d 33, 41-42 [1st Dept 2012]).  And so, issuing timely a litigation hold notice is critical for preserving information relevant or potentially relevant to

Despite the existence of a stipulated clawback agreement (that was never presented to the Court to be So Ordered) that provided “[i]nadvertent production of privileged documents does not operate as a waiver of that privilege,” the Court found defendants’ claim to privilege was waived by the inadvertent and “completely reckless” production of privileged materials.  In